Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. French Vermont The first European known to have entered the area that is now Vermont was Samuel de Champlain, who, after beginning the colonization of Quebec, journeyed south with a Huron war party in 1609 to the beautiful lake to which he gave his name. At one time, Vermont had approximately 600 of its distinctive covered bridges. Only about 15 percent of the state’s terrain, mostly in the Champlain valley, is level land with fertile soil and high productive capability. Although Vermont was hundreds of miles removed from the battlefields of the Civil War, it was the scene of one of the war’s most unexpected attacks. 9. During the 1700s, both New Hampshire and New York claimed the no man’s land that lay between them. Vermont’s capitol city, Montpelier, is the smallest state capital in the U.S. , with a population of less than 9,000 people. Thirty-one mountains in the state rise above 3,500 feet (1,100 metres), and most of this tilted landscape is rocky with thin topsoil. Vermont City / Town Facts. Frustrated by the decision, Vermont started in the fall of 1780 to make overtures to the governor general of Canada to rejoin the British Empire as part of the province of Quebec. The state has its own version of the Loch Ness Monster. Vermont copper coinage struck, 1785–1786. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? ; 1775 - . Revolutionary soldier to shed British blood at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775 was Solomon Brown from New Haven, Vermont, who thus fired the first effective shot in the Revolutionary War. 1777 - Vermont declares itself an independent republic. Vermont has a huge deer population, and deer hunting is an autumn ritual. 1609 - The area which is today Vermont was first explored by Frenchman Samuel de Champlain in 1609, when he claimed it for his home country. GEOGRAPHY AND LANDFORMS. The steeples of white wooden churches rising above mountain-bound small towns with trim village greens, the herds of dairy cattle on sloping mountain pastures, and the red-gold leaves of tree-lined autumnal lanes are aspects of scenic Vermont that, in painting and photography, have become symbols of the rural United States. Vermont is bordered to the north by Quebec, Canada, to the east by New Hampshire, to the south by Massachusetts, and to the west by New York. You better believe that big things happened in the little Green Mountain State! Vermont History Museum, Montpelier, VT. History for Homeschoolers - Made in Vermont. Vermont History Firsts & State Facts. Vermont State Archivist, Office of the Secretary of State, Montpelier. When French explorer Samuel de Champlain first arrived in Vermont in 1609 he nicknamed the area 'les Verts Monts' meaning the Green Mountains. 10. Part of the Missisquoi turns north to flow through Canada before returning to Vermont. Today, barely more than 100 covered bridges survive in Vermont. More people live in El Paso, Texas, than in Vermont. The discussions fizzled, however, after the American Revolution came to a close. The geologic history of Vermont begins more than 450 million years ago during the Cambrian and Devonian periods.. Human history of Native American settlement can be divided into the hunter-gatherer Archaic Period, from c. 7000–1000 BC, and the sedentary Woodland Period, from c. 1000 BC to AD 1600. Barnum in 1873 offered a reward of $50,000 for the “hide of the great Champlain serpent.” The lake monster affectionately known as “Champ” might be imaginary, but a very real Vermont state law has made it a protected species. Area 9,616 square miles (24,906 square km). It is bordered by New Hampshire, across the Connecticut River (E), Massachusetts (S), New York, with Lake Champlain forming almost half the border (W), and the Canadian province of Quebec (N). The State Capitol Building in Montpelier, Vermont. (Credit: Amber Kincaid). Vermont adopted the first constitution in North America to ban adult slavery. That designation was inserted into the legislation by Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy, although hydrologically Lake Champlain lies outside of the Great Lakes Basin and is one-fifteenth the size of Lake Ontario—the smallest of the Great Lakes. While the United States did not declare war on Nazi Germany until December 11, 1941, Vermont declared three months earlier that the two countries were already in “armed conflict.” After the country re-instituted a draft in 1940, the Vermont legislature sought to issue a $10-a-month bonus to those state residents serving in the military, a decision that required a new tax in peacetime. Near the middle of the eighteenth century, both Benning Wentworth, the colonial governor of New Hampshire, and Lt. Vermont, Timeline of State History __ "Scan a chronological timeline of important events and dates in Vermont history including the formation of Lake Champlain and the Champlain valley to present day Vermont." Explore Vermont’s state historic sites, museums and historic downtowns and immerse yourself in the stories of Vermont. At one time many of Vermont’s hilltops were cleared for pastures and open fields. Gunfire that erupted during the raid killed Elinus Morrison, a contractor supervising a hotel construction project, in what was the northernmost land action of the Civil War. Vermont’s average elevation is about 1,000 feet (300 metres). Hiker on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail standing on the summit of Mount Mansfield, Vermont, U.S. Mad River, crossed by the Warren Covered Bridge, Warren, Vt. 1. When the United States was forming in the late 1700s, Vermont became the fourteenth state to join, right after the thirteen colonies. They provide Vermont with a north-south backbone that ranges from approximately 20 to 35 miles (30 to 55 km) in width. We preserve the history that makes Vermont a special place to live, work, and visit. Grand Isle County (83 sq mi) is the smallest county in Vermont. These people primarily seek the beauty and tranquility of Vermont’s mountains and narrow valleys and the sense of the country’s past that pervades the entire state. Chittenden County (161,382) is the most populated county in Vermont. It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is one of the least-populous U.S. state capitals. The hermit thrush is the state bird of Vermont. Vermont is the only state in the United States that requires voters to be sworn in, having established the voter's oath or affirmation in 1777. Environmental factors such as acid rain have affected trees in the higher elevations. Vermont vərmŏnt´ [Fr.,=green mountain], New England state of the NE United States. Total annual precipitation varies from 34 inches (870 mm) in the eastern and western sections to more than 40 inches (1,025 mm) in the mountains. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The western portion of Lake Champlain is in New York, and three-fourths of the area of Lake Memphremagog—the second largest lake associated with Vermont—lies in Canada. This count is called the census. Vermont History Vermont had its beginnings in a land controversy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. Also available as a virtual class. It’s bordered by Canada in … The state tree is the sugar maple, which reflects Vermont’s prominence in maple sugar and syrup production. Here are seven facts about Vermont you might now know: 1. In Colonial America, New York and New Hampshire both staked claims on Vermont. The federal designation was changed a few weeks later after protests by legislators in states adjacent to the Great Lakes. It may seem a strange choice for a people seeking a distinct identity from their neighbors, but leaders of the newly independent republic initially called it “New Connecticut” in honor of the state where Allen and other leaders of the Green Mountain Boys were born. The short growing season and rocky soil make dairying the dominant form of commercial farming. The river, from the mean low-water line on the western bank, is entirely within New Hampshire’s borders. Vermont History Vermont History. There is a growing moose population and (since 1993) an annual moose-hunting season. Several small streams, the largest of which is the White River, flow from the central highlands into the Connecticut River. In 1998 President Bill Clinton signed a bill that designated Lake Champlain as one of the Great Lakes for the purpose of competing for federal research money under the National Sea Grant Program. Champlain soon allied with the Native American Abenaki tribe and to killing an Iroquois chief in a bid to impress. In the next century, several European settlements were established throughout Vermont including the British and the Dutch. Vermont is the only state that designated a fossil symbol of a species that still exists. The annual growing season is only about 120 days—somewhat longer in the low-lying Champlain valley—because frost usually comes in September and may strike as late as the beginning of June. Native American Indians indigenous to Vermont include the Abenaki tribe and the Iroquois. 6. Vermont had a three-month head start on the rest of the country in fighting World War II. Instant Download: FREE Vermont State History Printable 2. 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